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FDI Stocks at End of 2017

The net investment position of the EU down at €1 100 billion – the United States: by far the main FDI partner.

Published on: 20 December 2018

Net foreign direct investment (FDI) stocks held in the rest of the world by investors resident in the European Union (EU) amounted to €7 412 bn at the end of 2017, down by 4.8% compared with the end of 2016.

Meanwhile, investment stocks held by the rest of the world in the EU remained almost stable at €6 295 bn at the end of 2017 (-0.3%). In other words, the EUˈs net investment position vis-a-vis the rest of the world decreased from €1 469 bn at the end of 2016 to €1 117 bn at the end of 2017.

Special Purpose Entities (SPEs) resident in the EU maintained their strong role in FDI, accounting for 48.7% of the total EU FDI stocks held abroad and for 59.7% of the FDI stocks held by the rest of the world in the EU, compared with 49.9% and 60.0% respectively in 2016.

These data, subject to revision, are issued by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. FDI stocks help to quantify the impact of globalisation and measure longstanding economic links between countries (according to immediate counterpart criteria). They provide an indication of the relative importance of a country's economic presence abroad, or that of foreign partners in the reporting entity, measured in terms of FDI capital.

EU and US markets remain highly interconnected At the end of 2017, the United States absorbed 34.7% of the total FDI stocks held by the EU in the rest of the world (€2 569 bn), far ahead of Switzerland (€979 bn or 13.2%), China (€328 bn or 4.4%), Brazil (€324 bn or 4.4%), Canada (€305 bn or 4.1%), and Bermuda (€304 bn or 4.1%).

In the reverse direction, United States' direct investors accounted for 34.7% (€2 184 bn) of the total FDI stocks held by the rest of the world in the EU at the end of 2017.

They were followed by those from Switzerland (€802 bn or 12.7%), the offshore financial centres of Bermuda (€572 bn or 9.1%), Jersey (€306 bn or 4.9%) and Cayman Islands (€300 bn, or 4.8), as well as Canada (€293 bn or 4.7%).

Source: Eurostat


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